Introduction and context -Following the severe drought that devastated the Horn of Africa in
2010/2011, the East African Heads of States and Governments convened a summit in Nairobi on
9th September 2011 that took the decision to end drought emergencies by addressing the effects of
recurring droughts on vulnerable communities in a holistic and sustainable manner. The Nairobi
Summit assigned the IGAD Secretariat the role of implementing that decision leading to the
development of the IGAD Drought Disaster Resilience and Sustainability Initiative (IDDRSI),
the Regional Programming Paper (RPP) and the Country Programming Papers (CPPs). The
IGAD Secretariat considered the importance of gender mainstreaming and women‟s
empowerment in the IDDRSI strategy, RPP and CPPs as critical towards promoting gender
equality, ensuring efficient utilization of resources in addressing the deep-seated poverty,
environmental degradation, the effects of the devastating drought in the region and in building
sustainable resilience of communities and households of the IGAD region and thus commissioned
a consultant to carry out gender analysis of these programme documents.
The objectives of the task were to: Examine gender inequalities in access to, participation and
benefits from all IDDRSI Priority Intervention Areas (PIAs) both at regional and national levels;
examine how existing/proposed IDDRSI interventions, including implementation mechanisms
impact on women and men; and propose requisite measures to address the identified gender
inequalities in IDDRSI through implementation both at regional and national levels.
Methodology – The study builds on traditional gender analysis frameworks and identifies key
issues of concern, namely: women‟s representation in decision making structures; affirmative
action; women‟s economic, legal and social empowerment; access to and control of resources of
production; gender division of labour; practical and strategic gender needs and interests of men
and women; and the critical issue of gender disaggregated information. The study identifies tools
of analysis, such as: Gender Disaggregated Data; Participation and Decision-Making; Access to
and Control of Resources; Gender Aware Budgeting; Women‟s Empowerment; Gender Sensitive
Policy Formulation; Planning and Programming; Involvement of Women‟s Organizations and
Networks; Research and Knowledge Generation, Gender Aware Monitoring and Evaluation
Tools; and Increased Income for women.
i. There is a lack of comprehensive gender aware programming and implementation
framework in all the CPPs.
ii. Although elaborate institutional frameworks for gender mainstreaming and
promoting women’s empowerment have been established in all member states, none of
the CPPs has mentioned them or has included them in the implementation framework.
Yet, the mandate of these institutions is to ensure gender mainstreaming in all
programmes and to promote women‟s empowerment at all levels.
iii. The CPPs are not aware of national gender policies and make no reference to the same.
iv. In almost all cases, there is no evidence of gender disaggregated data informing the
programming. The CPPs have not taken on board gender aware monitoring and
evaluation or gender aware data collection and analysis.
v. The analysis also shows little awareness of the women‟s low status and lack of their
participation in decision making.
vi. The monitoring and evaluation sections seem