Implementation of Article 43 of the Constitution of Kenya on Economic and Social Rights


The African Women’s Studies Centre in collaboration with AMKENI Wakenya, had been implementing a similar project in 2012 and was focusing on the proper implementation of Article 43(1)(a)-(f). The project realized immense achievements in the six sectors.

The following were the results realized: Policy analysis tools developed; Analysis of Best practices done and documented in the six sectors; Citizens’ awareness raised on socio-economic rights through media campaigns; Policy briefs were developed; Best practices and recommendations were shared with policy makers; Budget proposals in the sectors were submitted to the budget public hearing for inclusion in the MTP 2013-2017; Linkages between the Ministry of Housing, Education, Agriculture, Gender and Social Development as well as the Parliamentary Oversight Committees and the AWSC were created.

The year 2012 has informed the proposal for Phase II of the project.


In this project the Centre will seek to attain improved quality of life among poor and marginalized Kenyans through implementation of Article 43 (1) on economic and social rights of poor Kenyans with particular focus on Health, Education, Social Security, Water and Housing Sectors.

The Objectives of the project will be: To conduct evidence based advocacy for proper and equitable distribution of functions and resources to the County Assemblies and County Governments towards the realization of Article 43; To conduct advocacy on legislative frameworks to enforce implementation of economic and social rights; To conduct evidence based advocacy on effective programmes, policies and mechanisms to implement economic and social rights; To conduct advocacy for effective programmes aimed at addressing the special needs and specific rights of marginalized groups such as persons with disabilities, women, youth and minorities; To increase citizens’ awareness on the rights and responsibilities envisaged in  Article 43 of the current constitution.


The activities of the project will be: To further the study and analysis of Best Practices in the various sectors in policy and legislative framework for implementation of Article 43; To analyze new policies/ bills/ proposed legislations in the various sectors including the Basic Education Bill, Social Assistance Bill, Draft National Water policy, Kenya National Health Policy among others and prepare proposals for their improvement and/or implementation; To audit MTP 2013-2017 for its capacity to implement Article 43 and make recommendations; To advocate for adoption of policy proposals  to relevant Ministries and Parliamentary oversight committees; To hold consultations and share recommendations on policies/bills/legislations with stakeholders particularly marginalized groups such as persons with disabilities, poor, women, youth and minorities and share findings and recommendations on social and economic rights; To share information with the citizens through regional languages in order to reach marginalized communities among others with an aim to increase awareness on socio-economic rights as well as dissemination of the publication on consolidated best practices and recommendations.


This is the beginning of a long journey towards the realisation of Article 43 of the constitution. These activities will put the agenda in the public arena and will challenge the government for its role in ensuring that Kenyans have access to these basic rights. This will be our contribution towards the broader national debate and dialogue with policy makers and to make them accountable to the citizens.

The expected results of the project will be: To come up with a report on Best Practices and recommendations; To audit report using best practices on MTP 2013- 2017 and recommendations made to the Vision 2030 Secretariat and policy forums; to come up with recommendations of local policies, programmes and legislations made and share these with policy makers; To ensure increased citizens awareness on socio-economic rights;  To attain increased policy makers’ and Parliamentarians’ awareness on Socio-Economic Rights

The Centre will work with the civil society in the project whose role will be to lobby and mobilize women and other marginalized groups to participate in this project particularly in awareness creation and in lobbying with policy makers. In the spirit of the Constitution especially Chapter IV, the Centre will engage with the youth, women, PWDs’ and minorities to give their input to the policy and programme recommendations.  The media will be targeted as a specific stakeholder with the role of disseminating information and creating awareness among the citizens.


Amkeni Wakenya -through- (United Nations Development Programme)-Donor
African Women's Studies Centre (University of Nairobi) - Implementing partner

Ksh. 4,250,000
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Message from the Director


Prof. Wanjiku Mukabi Kabira, EBS


African Women's Studies Centre

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